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混凝土透水系数
混凝土透水系数

桩基检测的几种方法

2019-03-08

    

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YI、ZUANXINJIANCEFA

这种检测方法是使用钻机钻取芯样来进行的一项桩基检测方法,通过检测桩长及桩身缺陷、桩底沉渣厚度来确定桩端岩土的性状,并能确定桩身混凝土的强度及连续性或密实性是否良好。在混凝土遭受冻害、火灾、化学侵蚀或其他损害时或者是需检测经多年使用的建筑结构或构筑物中混凝土强度时都是很适用的。但是由于大直钻孔灌注桩的设计荷载一般均较大,用静力试桩法有较多困难,所以常用地质钻机在桩身上沿长度方向钻取芯样,通过对芯样的观察和测试确定桩的质量。
二、静荷载试验法

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SAN、DIYINGBIANDONGLIJIANCEFA

这种方法的目的是普查桩身完整性和判定桩身缺陷的程度及位置。反射波法是建立在一维弹性杆波动理论基础上,在桩身顶部进行竖向激振,弹性波沿桩身向下传播,当桩身存在明显波阻抗差异界面时,如桩底断桩和严重离析部位、缩径、扩径,将产生反射现象,经接收放大滤波和数字处理,可识别来自桩身不同部位的反射信息,利用波在桩体内传播的速度和相位变化判定桩身质量和缺陷位置。适用于检测混凝土桩的桩身完整性,判定桩身缺陷的程度及位置以及还有检测桩长范围应通过现场试验确定。
四、高应变法

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